By Robert Liddiard

Книга Anglo-Norman Castles Anglo-Norman Castles Книги Дизайн Автор: Robert Liddiard Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:Boydell Press Страниц: 432 Размер: 12 MB ISBN: 0851159044 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The castles of the 11th and 12th centuries stay one of the such a lot obvious symbols of the Anglo-Norman global. This assortment brings jointly for the 1st time probably the most major articles in fortress stories, with contributions from specialists in background, archaeology and old structures.

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L. Attenborough, The Laws of the Earliest English Kings, Cambridge 1922 (henceforth Attenborough, Laws), 83. ASC sub anno 757. The description of Meretun mentions the bur (bower, private room) in which the king was being entertained by his lady-friend, while his hearthtroop was elsewhere (presumably in the hall); and the gates of the burh which the aetheling’s men locked against the royal host, and around which the fighting took place. S. E. Harmer, Anglo-Saxon Writs, Manchester 1952, no. 73, pp.

The benefit of combining archaeological and historical evidence is illustrated by Simpson and Webster’s analysis of mottes in Scotland. Scottish mottes show considerable variation in distribution with the majority having no documentary record. The exceptions are those situated along the Tweed valley, that can be identified with named royal sites. Within Annandale and Nithsdale the majority of mottes appear to be the dwellings of individual barons whilst in Galloway there are virtually no documentary references to castles but a large cluster of mottes.

By utilizing the records of central government (chiefly the Pipe Rolls) he is able to build up a remarkable picture of royal expenditure on castles over the period. This took the form of a ‘large-scale and practically continuous building programme’ both of new fortifications and the modification of existing sites. What still resonates from his figures is the sheer cost of castle construction and maintenance during the twelfth century. The thousands of pounds spent on castles such as Dover, Newcastle and Scarborough are testimony to the remarkable importance and significance that rulers attached to their buildings.

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