By Philip Bobbitt, Lawrence Freedman, Gregory F. Treverton

Setting the phrases for an efficient public debate on nuclear concerns, this gives essays and excerpts from longer works that experience charted the improvement of yankee nuclear approach. each one part ends with questions for learn and research with advised additional reading.

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Clothing ignited, though it could be quickly beaten out, telephone poles charred, thatchroofed houses caught fire. Black or other darkcolored surfaces of combustible material absorbed the heat and immediately charred or burst into flames; white or light-colored surfaces reflected a substantial portion of the rays and were not consumed. The heavy black clay tiles which are an almost universal feature of the roofs of Japanese houses bubbled at distances up to a mile. Test of samples of this tile by the National Bureau of Standards in Washington indicates that temperatures in excess of 1,800° C.

Air power in the European phase of this war reached a stage of full adolescence, a stage marked by rapid development in planes, armament, equipment, tactics and concepts of strategic employment and by an extraordinary increase in the effort allocated to it by all the major contestants. England devoted 40 to 50 percent of her war production to her air forces, Germany 40 percent, and the United States 35 percent. Nevertheless, at the end of hostilities in Europe, weapons, tactics and strategy were still in a state of rapid development.

Not surprisingly the Air Force seized on this to brush aside the doubts being expressed about strategic bombing. Perhaps when equipped only with old-fashioned bombs air power had not quite lived up to its potential. Now it would be different. As General Arnold, the Chief of the Air Staff insisted in November 1945: 'The influence of atomic energy on air power can be stated very simply. It has made air power all important. ' 1 Arnold's reasons are made clear in the piece reprinted in this section.

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