By Guglielmo Cinque, Giuliana Giusti
The purpose of the booklet is to gather and make on hand to the general public fresh reports on Roumanian within the framework of Generative Grammar. all of the stories may be regarded as hugely complex from either the empirical and the theoretical viewpoint. actually, they take care of the various phenomena that differentiate this language from different well-studied ones, adopting and additional enhancing contemporary advancements in linguistic thought. during this admire the e-book contributes either to Roumanian reports and to theoretical linguistics. those reports hide significant parts of normal syntactic research: the syntax of nominal expressions (Giusti on determiners, Grosu on unfastened relative clauses), clausal constitution (Motapanyane), clitic placement (Dobrovie-Sorin), and morpho-semantics (Farkaş and Zec). In so doing, they handle the issues of the definition and refinement of the idea of useful projections, contributing new principles and facts for his or her formula.
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The NP projection; in each case they are uniquely determined by the features of the Q7D° directly below them. If Q° is [+M-Case, +GEN], the QP projection is extended by D° AL and its DP projection. The particular gender, number, and case features of AL are specified by agreement (see below), but its presence is required by the Q° below it. Similarly, if Q° is [-Case, +GEN], the projection is extended to an a PP. The same mechanism would extend a QP, headed by a Q° [-M-Case, +DAT] to a PP headed by la, to account for the prepositional/ inflectional marking alternations with verbs that subcategorize Datives; (see (23M24) above).
Given their quantificational meaning, they can appear in the functional positions of the DP. Also, given that they do not ordinarily accept modifiers, they may be (re)analysed as head, Xo, constituents. Consequently, there are structures like (73) below: ALEXANDRA CORNILESCU (73) a. b. 39 primele două romane first-the two novels "the first two novels" primele două [e] first-the two "the first two" Most likely, given their quantificational meaning, ordinal adjectives (XPs) may move past a cardinal in Num° to the SpecNumP position.
Notice that at S-Structure, the ordinal in (73) above, which has adjoined to the article, is a D° constituent. The fact that the ordinal is in head (D°) position is confirmed by its pronominal use: (74) a. b. , adjectives that reach the D° position, allow cardinals to appear in Num°, with head behaviour, and that they themselves may behave like pronouns. Adjectives incorporating the definite article have neither of these properties: (75) a. b. (76) a. cunoscutele doua romane well-known-the two novels "the well-known two novels" *cunoscutele două [e] well-known-the two "the well-known two" cunoscutele romane well-known-the novels "the well-known novels" 40 RUMANIAN GENITIVE CONSTRUCTIONS b.