By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer

Sustainable improvement and international weather switch have figured prominently in clinical research and overseas policymaking because the early Nineteen Nineties. This ebook formulates know-how suggestions that would bring about environmentally sustainable strength structures, in line with an research of worldwide weather swap concerns utilizing the concept that of sustainable improvement. The authors concentrate on environmentally suitable, long term know-how advancements in the international strength process, whereas additionally contemplating points of financial and social sustainability. The authors examine numerous replacement situations and illustrate the diversities among those who meet the standards for sustainable improvement and people who don't. because of their research, they establish quite a few promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in step with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development situation and its coverage implications are then awarded intimately from a know-how switch viewpoint. The authors suggest formidable pursuits for expertise adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental objectives. even though the optimum coverage combine to pursue those pursuits is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that ends up in know-how functionality advancements and the promoting of know-how adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage ideas for you to yield the main major long term merits. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, power economics, and know-how swap and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable e-book.

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Smaller ranges14 around the median market share of a technology enable us to have higher confidence in the size of the future market share than larger ranges. The analysis of technology shares and frequencies also determines the relative importance of the electricity generation technologies considered in this analysis. Assessing the importance of the technologies considered here, it should be kept in mind that there remains the possible availability of improved or completely new, or not yet even conceived, technologies that are not included explicitly in our scenario sets.

We begin with geological resources. 3), which classifies occurrences of geological resources according to two criteria, economic feasibility and geological assurance. The words used to describe different attributes of these two criteria are not always the same. 3 we follow Rogner (1997). 3 depend on technological progress. In the case of drilling for crude oil, the example of North Sea oil shows that the economic feasibility of production can increase through progress in drilling techniques, and geological assurance of any occurrence of minerals can be increased by progress in exploration techniques.

1 Medians and Ranges of Market Shares of Energy Technologies The purpose of determining market shares of energy technologies is to establish a basis for the design of technological strategies. 13 For each scenario set considered here, we determine the minimum, maximum and median of future market shares for each technology. The frequent occurrence of a technology in any given scenario set is interpreted as a high future potential of the technology in the particular ‘world’ as defined by that set, and a technology that contributes substantially in all scenario sets is considered a robust future technology option.

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