By HIRUT WOLDEMARIAM

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Extra resources for A GRAMMAR OF HARO (OMOTIC) WITH COMPARATIVE NOTES ON THE OMETO LINGUISTIC GROUP

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7. Subject agreement markers The subject agreement marker in the predicate of a sentence identifies gender of the subject noun. For example, the subject agreement markers - 53 - and in (21a) and (21b) indicate that ‘moon’ and ‘dawn star’ belong to the feminine and masculine genders respectively. ’ kkoé ddFOC- 3MS- PF- e AFF:DEC To summarize, lexical, morphological and syntactic strategies are used to mark the gender of a referent of a noun in Haro. Morphologically, even though there is no morpheme whose sole property is indicating gender, the gender class of a noun is expressed in amalgamation with definiteness and case.

The link between TV–o and feminine gender is also observed in the citation forms of personal pronouns and demonstrative forms as in (12). 12) és-ó ‘she:ABS’, hánn-o ‘this:FEM:ABS’ yénn-o ‘that:FEM:ABS’. 2). 3. The use of different lexemes Using totally different lexemes for masculine and feminine nouns used to indicate the gender of some animate nouns shown in (13). 4. The use of gender attributives Another commonly used way of specifying gender of animate nouns is using gender-distinguishing attributives.

In general, stability of a TV is a complex phenomenon involving various factors. The phonetic feature of a TV, and the phonetic feature of the affix added to the stem, and the grammatical feature of the suffix play interactively in the process. In contrast, the low vowel –a is the most stable TV. It is the one taking over the place of unstable TVs, which are deleted when a suffix is attached to the noun stem. On the other hand, stability of the mid TVs are found being conditioned by the gender feature of the definite marker.

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