By W. T. Stace

The traditional Greek philosophers have performed a pivotal function within the shaping of the western philosophical culture. This publication surveys the seminal works and concepts of key figures within the old Greek philosophical culture from the Presocratics to the Neoplatonists. It highlights their major philosophical matters and the evolution of their suggestion from the 6th century BCE to the 6th century CE.

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Now it is a matter of some controversy just why it is, on Locke's view, that labour confers property. It is controversial, that is, what explanation Locke offers of labour's power to legitimate appropriation. I shall discuss this question at length in chapter 3. For the moment, I shall simply present the traditional interpretation of Locke's explanation of this point and then proceed to the other core elements of Locke's theory. On the traditional interpretation, the property a man is said to have in his person and in his labour enter Locke's argument as premisses, in the sense that these properties are taken to be unargued.

30; Buckle, Natural Law, pp. 152n, 165, 175, 183-87. Property without Consent 27 Despite the text, some commentators persist in glossing Locke's initial community as a negative community because of the very broad sense in which they understand negative community. '24 Let us separate the important point here from the purely verbal question. Obviously positive community can be defined so as to preclude a solution to the consent problem,25 and equally obviously Locke did not assert it in this sense.

Nevertheless, as we shall see at the end of this section, Locke also specifically holds that inheritance does not excuse one from labouring (if one is able) and so this right still does not constitute an alternative to labour. 54. ' Emphasis added. Letter of Lady Masham to Jean LeClerc, 12 January, 1705, quoted in H. R. Fox Bourne, The Life of John Locke, vol. 2 (London: Henry S. King, 1876), pp. 535-36. 55. J. Locke, letter to William Molyneux, 19 January 1694, quoted in Tully, DP, p. 168. 56.

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