By Mark Dubis
In his research of the Greek textual content of one Peter, Mark Dubis presents scholars with an available consultant via essentially the most tricky syntactic demanding situations of the Greek language. Introducing readers to the newest advancements in grammatical and linguistic scholarship, Dubis contains an outline of Greek notice order and the development of center voice. In doing so, Dubis is helping scholars internalize the conventions of the Greek language whereas crafting in scholars a maturing urge for food for destiny research.
Read Online or Download 1 Peter: A Handbook on the Greek Text (Baylor Handbook on the Greek New Testament) PDF
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Extra info for 1 Peter: A Handbook on the Greek Text (Baylor Handbook on the Greek New Testament)
1:10 περὶ ἧς σωτηρίας ἐξεζήτησαν καὶ ἐξηραύνησαν προφῆται οἱ περὶ τῆς εἰς ὑμᾶς χάριτος προφητεύσαντες, περὶ ἧς σωτηρίας. Reference. This is an internally headed relative clause (a relative clause in which its antecedent is embedded). ” This repetition of σωτηρία from the previous verse also serves as a linkword between the paragraph in verses 10-12 and and the conclusion of the preceding paragraph in verses 6-9 (Elliott 2000, 345). ἐξεζήτησαν καὶ ἐξηραύνησαν. That these terms are synonymous (and thus form a doublet) is indicated by the use of ἐραυνάω by itself in verse 11 to recapitulate the action of both these verbs (Michaels, 40).
Moore (5) defines a doublet as “two or more words or constructions . . ” Moore’s definition goes on to say that the doublet’s function may be to add emphasis, in which case a translation should bring out this emphasis. By Moore’s definition, the three conjoined adjectives here would be a three-term “doublet,” or better, a “triplet” (although unfortunately Moore, 60, himself excludes ἀμίαντον from the triplet). The function of this triplet is, indeed, to add rhetorical 8 1 Peter 1:3-12 emphasis and, further intensified by the alliterative alpha-privative on each term, this triplet serves to emphasize the perfection and eternality of the recipients’ inheritance.
Fut mid ind 2nd pl εἰμί. The future indicative is used imperativally. This often occurs in OT citations in Greek, as here, due to the similar use of the Hebrew imperfect, which often is used as a future indicative but can also be used imperativally (see Wallace, 569–70). For this imperatival future, some manuscripts substitute a bona fide imperative form of γίνομαι (Â), under the influence of the use of this verb in the preceding verse. With respect to the voice of ἔσεσθε, all future forms of εἰμί in the NT appear in the middle voice (for an explanation of this phenomenon, see Conrad, 8) and would correspond to Miller’s semantic class of “state” (429).